In turn, influential businessmen may, together, seek to shape an institutional environment that is friendly to the private sector in general, as opposed to a limited number of their members.This may become all the more crucial as a new group of businessmen connected to the current regime is brought in and threatens the position of existing large enterprises.Last month it was revealed that authorities in Egypt are using “abusive” anal examination techniques they claim can detect “chronic homosexuals”, to arrest and imprison men.

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After the 2011 uprising the economy suffered as the relationship between the state and the enterprises changed.

Large private enterprises are vital to Egypt’s economy and stability.

Egyptian police have arrested seven men believed to be transsexuals for debauchery - the charge often used against men accused of homosexuality.

Major General Magdy Moussa of the Morality Police called the seven “preverts”, and said they had formed a “network for practicing debauchery” on social media, according to a report by the .

A Human Rights Watch report called the homosexuality tests “invasive, intrusive, abusive, and profoundly humiliating…a form of torture, carried out in violation of international standards and professional principles”.

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Since the overthrow of former Egyptian president Mohamed Morsi by the military in July 2013, the regime of President Abdel Fattah el-Sisi has continued to struggle to consolidate its authority amid ongoing economic challenges.

Five years after the 2011 uprising, Egyptians do not feel better off, as the poverty level in the country has risen.

It is too early to say whether this increasing economic autonomy will translate into political autonomy in the future.

Large enterprises are not likely to play a visible political role in the current context in Egypt.

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